`Last updated: Tuesday 2nd March 2023, 7:03 PT, AD`

## Algorithms

```

An algorithm is a sequence of precise instructions
written in English, or any natural language,
that leads to the solution to a problem.

An algorithm can be compared to a recipe to bake a cake,
a set of directions to enroll for a class
or a set of instructions to change a light bulb...

Example Algorithm:

Problem: Find the average of three of numbers

1. get the first number
2. get the second number
3. get the third number
4. add the three numbers together to calculate the total
5. divide the total by 3 to calculate the average

The set of five instructions above is known as an algorithm.
The algorithm above solves the problem
of finding the average of three numbers.

All the instructions necessary to solve the problem
are there, and they are in the correct order.

To make the algorithm easier to understand,
we can include example values.
See below for an example...

Example Algorithm:

Problem:

Find the average of three of numbers

1. get the first number (e.g. 32)
2. get the second number (e.g. 27)
3. get the third number (e.g. 100)
4. add the three numbers together to calculate the total (e.g. 159)
5. divide the total by 3 to calculate the average (e.g. 53)

The study of algorithms is a very important part
of computer science.

An algorithm is simply
a set of precise instructions to solve a problem.

Algorithms are used when designing a computer program.

When developing a computer program
there is always a problem solving and design stage
which results in the algorithm.

Problems which can be solved using a computer
of actually typing the code in.

The coding part of programming  is the part
that involves typing the program in
for example Python, Java, Kotlin etc.

Programs are typed in using the algorithm for guidance.

The coding phase of programming
results in a program that can be run and tested.

The implementation phase of programming
includes running and testing
the program developed from the algorithm.

FYI - Most beginner programmers
skip the planning and testing parts of programming.
Experienced programmers never skip these phases.

Your program has more chance of being correct
if it is well planned.

```

### The Program

```The following is a computer program
written in the Python 3 programming language,
which solves the problem of
how to find the average of three numbers.
The three numbers are typed in at the keyboard
by the user of the program:

```
number1 = float(input("Enter the first number: "))
number2 = float(input("Enter the second number: "))
number3 = float(input("Enter the third number: "))
total = number1 + number2 + number3
average = total / 3
print ("The average is " + str(average))
```

This is what the program looks like when it runs:

```
Enter the first number:``` `32````
Enter the second number:``` ` 27````
Enter the third number: ``` `100````
The average is 53.0
```

User input is shown in black font,
program output is shown in blue font.

```

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